5 of the Most Common Eye Problems and Their Treatments

5 of the Most Common Eye Problems and Their Treatments

Mar 01, 2020

Eyesight is one of the most fundamental senses we have as human beings; without it, our quality of life may be significantly affected. This being said, it is important always to address any eye problems experienced as swiftly as one can, to avoid compromising your eyesight or the loss of it altogether.

The good news is that most of the common eye problems can be remedied by initiating timely and precise eye treatment.

Common Causes of Eye Problems

Eye problems can result in the permanent or temporary loss of vision and should be resolved as soon as they are noticed. Some of the common causes of eye problems may include:

  • Genetic eye diseases – These may be passed down through generations, although in some cases, the symptoms may be exhibited much later on in life.
  • Eye Inflammations – that may be a result of infections caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
  • Trauma and injuries – that may be attributed to accidents
  • Allergic reactions – due to overexposure to external elements such as dust, or the overuse of eye lenses prescribed.
  • Other medical conditions– Conditions such as frequent migraines or diabetic history may affect your eyesight in the long run.

Whatever the cause may be, as long as your eyesight is affected, it is essential to let our doctors guide you into finding the right treatment method to ensure no permanent damage is experienced.

Common Eye Diseases

Here are some of the most common eye diseases and their treatments.

1. Cataracts

A cataract is a progressive eye condition that occurs when a cloudy coating or deposit obscures your eye lens. This condition may lead to vision loss eventually if left unchecked.

Cataracts are usually characterized by blurred or impaired vision and the opaque deposit that can be seen on the eye lens. Aging, overexposure to UV rays, diabetes, genetic factors, and trauma due to injuries are among the leading causes of cataracts worldwide.

This eye condition may be rectified through cataract surgery, which is safe, swift, and pain-free. Cataract surgery may involve replacing the affected eye lens with an implant that is either acrylic, silicone, or plastic in nature.

2. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease that occurs when your optic nerve is damaged. The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting or relaying images from your eyes to the visual center of your brain.

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision impairment, and in some cases, blindness globally and early detection is the best way to combat it. This eye condition is mainly caused by ocular hypertension that occurs due to a buildup of pressure inside the eye that eventually damages the optic nerve.

Our doctors can help you schedule regular checkups that will aid in the early detection and remedying of glaucoma.

This eye disease, depending on its level of severity, may be treated using laser eye treatment, prescription glasses or visual aids, surgery, or medication.

3. Refractive Errors

Refractive errors are among the leading causes of vision impairment. They occur when your eyes do not refract light properly, causing blurred vision. Refractive errors can be classified as farsightedness (hyperopia), nearsightedness (myopia), presbyopia, and astigmatism.

These errors are indicated by blurred vision and difficulties in reading, driving, or other daily activities that rely on accurate vision.

This eye condition may be corrected and treated using prescription glasses or contact lenses and Lasik eye surgery to change the shape of your cornea and improve its ability to refract light properly.

4. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye condition that affects the blood capillaries of the retina and occurs in people who have been diagnosed with diabetes.

Individuals with a history of diabetes are at a higher risk of getting Diabetic Retinopathy. They should, therefore, schedule regular eye checkups with our doctors to keep this condition at bay. Early detection is always crucial in preventing more significant vision loss or impairment.

This condition occurs when high blood sugar levels, experienced in diabetic individuals, cause the blood vessels in the retina to start bleeding and leaking, resulting in blurred vision or even in extreme cases retinal detachment.

5. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

This is an eye disease that occurs in older individuals and affects the Macula. It is characterized by blurred vision and difficulty in carrying out daily tasks like reading.

This condition is gradual and may be hereditary or result due to other factors such as smoking. It may be corrected through laser treatment (photodynamic therapy) or medication.

All these eye conditions can be prevented and even remedied if detected early enough to avoid permanent loss of eyesight. At Founders Eyecare, we are prepared to ensure your eye condition is detected and correctly treated.

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